Basic Education

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE BASIC EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

A. GOALS

1. Goals of K. Grades 1 to 12
a. To form students/pupils to be God-loving, evangelizing and responsible members society.
b. To foster in them the values of simplicity, truth, justice, peace, and integrity of creation.
c. To develop their moral, intellectual, social and emotional faculties through a balanced, integrated and dynamic curriculum.
d. To promote in them active involvement in the building of God’s kingdom in the spirit of St. Francis and St. Clare.

2. Goal of the Kindergarten Level

To sufficiently prepare the kindergarten pupil for formal
schooling by effectively promoting “physical, social, emotional and skill stimulation and values formation”. (Kindergarten Education Act, Sec. 2)

3. Goals of Grades 1 to 12

To gradually form empowered individuals “who have learned through a program that is rooted on sound educational principles and geared towards excellence,
a. the foundation for learning throughout life,
b. the competence to engage in work and be productive,
c. the ability to coexist in fruitful harmony with local and global communities.
d. the capability to engage in autonomous, creative, and critical thinking, and
e. the capacity and willingness to transform others and one’s self.”(Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, Sec. 2)

B. Goal of High School Level

To prepare the high school learners in one or more of the following tracks: “college preparation, vocational and technical career opportunities as well as creative arts, sports and entrepreneurial employment in a rapidly changing and increasingly globalized environment. “(Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, Sec. 2)

C. Objectives of the Christian Formation Program

This program is the core of the curriculum. It promotes and sustains the integral Christian formation of the learners to be God-loving, evangelizing and responsible members of society.

The Program aims to:

• to enhance the students’/pupils’ prayer-life through meaningful experiences.
• to foster in them the formation of a critical, analytical, and a discerning conscience that will help them become valuable instruments for social transformation towards the realization of God’s reign;
• to develop and sustain active involvement towards preferential option for the poor and marginalized.

D. Subject Area Objectives
(Enclosure No. 1 to DepED Order No. 21, s. 2012)

a. The Christian Formation/Edukasyong Pagpapakatao (ESP) – Ang Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao or (ESP) ay asignaturang gagabay at huhubog sa kabataan. Ang tunguhin o outcome ng ESP ay kabataang nagpapasiya at kumikilos nang mapanagutan tungo sa kabutihang panlahat. Nangangahulugan ito na lilinangin at paunlarin ang pagkataong etikal ng bawat mag-aaral. Upang mapamalas ito, kailangang magtaglay siya ng limang pangunahing kakayahan: pag-unawa, pagninilay, pagsangguni, pagpasya at pagkilos.

b. Integrated Language Arts, Mother Tongue, Filipino,

1. English
This is focused on the development of literacy and numeracy skills and learning of concepts first in the Mother Tongue from Grades 1-3 and later to second language (Filipino and English). The macro skills – listening, speaking, reading, writing and moving spiral across grade levels and across languages. The ultimate goal is communicative competence both oral and written in three languages.

2. Filipino
Ang Filipino ay naglalayong malinang ang (1) kakayahang komunikatibo at (2) kahusayan sa pag-unawa at pagpapahalagang pampanitikan ng mga mag-aaaral. Lilinangin ang makrong kasanayan (pakikinig, pagsasalita, pagbasa, pagsulat at panunuod) sa tulong ng iba’t ibang dulog at pamamaraan tulad ng Komunikatibong Pagtuturo ng Wika (KPW), Pagtuturong Batay sa Nilalaman (PBL) ng iba’t ibang akdang pampanitikan at Pagsasanib ng Gramatika sa Tulong ng iba’t ibang Teksto (PGRT), at isinasaalang-alang din ang pagsasanib ng mga pagpapahalang pangkatauhan sa pag-aaral at pagsusuri ng iba’t ibang akdang pampanitikan.

3. The Science Program – Science education in the Grade School aims to develop scientific literacy among students that will prepare them to be informed and participative citizens who are able to make judgments and decisions regarding application of scientific know- ledge that may have social, health or environmental impacts.
The science curriculum recognizes the place of science and technology in everyday human affairs as it integrates civic, personal, social, economic and values
and ethical aspects of life. It also promotes a strong link
between science and technology including indigenous
technology, keeping our country’s cultural uniqueness
and peculiarities intact.

High School science deals with the basic concepts in Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Earth/Space Science.
Every quarter presents the different science disciplines across grade levels in increasing complexity. The course is focused on the development of awareness and understanding of practical everyday problems that affect the learners’ lives and those around them.

4. The Mathematics Program – Elementary mathematics covers basic concepts and ideas, skills and processes on number sense- geometry, measurement ,patterns and algebra, probability and statistics as enlist, using appropriate technology in critical thinking, problem solving, reasoning, communicating, making connections, representations and decisions in real life.

High School mathematics includes key concepts and principles of number sense, measurement, algebra, geometry, probability and statistics as applied, using appropriate technology, in critical thinking, problem solving, reasoning, communicating, making connections, representations and decisions in real life.

5. Ang Programang Araling Panlipunan (DO no. 20 s.2014)
Sa mababang paaralan ang asignaturang ito ay nagtuturo ng mga konsepto sa pananagutang pansarili, pamilya, kapwa, daigdig/bansa at Diyos; pananagutan para sa kabutihang panlahat upang mamuhay nang may kaayusan, katiwasayan, kaunlaran tungo sa kaligayahan ng tao; kasaysayan ng Pilipinas gamit ang mga sipi ng mga piling primaryang sanggunian mula sa iba’t ibang panahon at uri.

Sa Mataas na Paaralan, ito ay naglalayong magpamalas ng malalim na pang-unawa sa mga pangunahing kaisipan ng mga napapanahong isyu sa pag-aaral ng kasaysayan, pamahalaan, kultura at lipunan ng mga rehiyong Asyano; kasaysayang pandaigidig; mga kaisipan sa ekonomiya at pambansang pag-unlad at napapanahong isyu at hamong panlipunan.

6. Programa ng Teknolohiya, Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP/HELE) – Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan in the elementary develops knowledge, skills, values, and attitude in Agriculture, Entrepreneurship, and Information Communication Technology, Home Economics and Industrial Arts that can help improve self, family, and community life considering sustainable development

In High School, Technology and Livelihood Education provides an enriched general education that will prepare our graduates for higher education, world of work and lifelong learning. The integration of Entrepreneurship concepts such as Competencies (PECS), Environment
and Market (E & M), and Process and Delivery prepares the students for gainful employment and to set up their own business in the areas of Agri-Fishery Arts, Industrial Arts, Home Economics, and Information and Communication Technology.

7. Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health (MAPEH) Program –
In the elementary level, the Music Program focuses on the learner as the recipient of the knowledge skills and values necessary for artistic expressions and cultural literacy. The curriculum design is student-centered, based on spiral progression, and grounded in performance-based learning. Thus the learner is empowered through active involvement and participation to effectively correlate music and art to the development of his/her own cultural identity and expand his/her vision of the world and the whole of creation.
The Art Program provides our Filipino learners with art experiences that include recognizing, creating, appreciating, and critiquing their own artistic works and works of others. From Kindergarten, art instruction begins with creative exploration of art materials, concepts and processes found in the Philippines and other countries. It continues to develop the student’s imagination and individual expression, and inquiry into the aesthetic qualities of his work, the work of others, artists of the past and present, from the Philippines and from other parts of the world. It culminates in seeing the connection of art to other areas of study and exposure to various art-related activities and careers.

The Physical Education Program is anchored on the tenet “move to learn and learn to move” with the ultimate goal of achieving lifelong fitness. It shall
contribute the development of fitness, health, and wellness among school-age students as provided in the program’s rich and challenging physical activity experiences. It shall promote the development of a participative and active body; learning to use the body in moving efficiently and effectively in a given space, time, efforts and assurance of quality movement. The desire for becoming a physically educated person, thus aids an individual in successfully selecting and participating in activities appropriate to various stages of life.

The Health Program focuses on the physical, mental, emotional, social, moral, spiritual dimensions of health and enables the learners to acquire essential knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to promote good nutrition, prevent and control diseases and substance used and abused, reduce health-related risk behaviors to prevent and control injuries with the end in view of maintaining and improving personal, family, community, national, and global health.
In the High School, this learning area covers four (4 major components namely: Music, Art, Physical Education and Health.
Music and Art deal with the study of man’s aesthetic expression through sounds (music) and visuals (arts) mirroring the sentiments and ideas of society and culture, and contributing to the development of individual and collective identity. It is designed to be student-centered, based on spiral progression, and grounded in performance-based learning focused on appreciation and application where basic fundamentals are further reinforced. The program design empowers the learners to effectively correlate Music and Arts to the study of Philippine Culture, as influenced by history, the culture of its neighbors, and the effects of globalization and the advancement of information technology.

Physical Education and Health promote the development of active and healthy lifestyle.

Physical Education focuses on five strands namely: body management, movement skills, games and sports, rhythm and dance and physical fitness. Each strand is sequentially developed across grade levels including activities that are varied and age-appropriate to address the needs and interests of learners.

The Health Program deals with physical, mental, emotional, social, moral, spiritual dimensions of health and enables the learners to acquire essential knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to promote good nutrition,
prevent and control diseases, substance use and abuse, reduce health-related risk behaviors to prevent and control injuries with the view to maintaining and improving personal, family, community, national and global health.

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